Curriculum Vitae

 Personal data:

 Name:                      Maowia Mohamed Mukhtar

Nationality:            Sudanese

Date of Birth;        25 December 1956

 Professional data:


 Current post: Professor

                        Institute of Endemic Diseases

                        University of Khartoum

Address:     P.O.Box 11463

                        Khartoum, Sudan

                        Telefax: +24911 779712

                        Mobile: +249912315828


  Education and Qualifications:

 Degree                 University                      Country       Date awarded


Ph.D.              Cornell University                USA                June 1989

M.Sc.              Cornell University                USA                August 1985

B. V.Sc.          University of Khartoum        Sudan            June 1982

 Major Subjects:

            Majoring in Immunology, Molecular Biology and Microbiology.

 M.Sc. Thesis Title:

            Chemotactic response of Equine ploymorphonuclear  Leukocytes to Streptococcus equi.

 Ph.D. Thesis title:

            The M protein and the heterogeneity of Streptococcus zooepidemicus.

 Awards and academic prizes:

 Distinctions in Anatomy, Physiology, Nutrition, Pharmacology, Parasitology, Pathology, Microbiology, Medicine, Animal production, Preventive Medicine and Public Health, and Surgery and Obstetrics.

Prizes: Best student prize in Anatomy, Histology, Microbiology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Nutrition, Medicine, Preventive Medicine and Public Health. Best student prize in Part IV B.V.Sc., and Sudan Agriculture Bank prize for best final B.V.Sc.  Student.

 Training Courses:

 1.   World Health Organization (WHO) course on Immunology, Vaccinology and

 Biotechnology applied to infectious diseases. WHO Immunology Research and Training

 Center, Laussanne, Switzerland 9 September to 28th October 1992.

2.   World Health Organization Research Fellow , Conducting research on Immunology and

 DNA analysis of Leishmania Major. WHO Immunology Research and Training Center,

 Laussanne, Switzerland, 28 October 92 to 31 March 1993.

3.   World Health Organization advance Immunology, Vaccinology and         Biotechnology course,  Arusha Tanzania  from 4 December 96  to 19 December 96.

 Workshops attended:

     1. Application of Atlas Geographical Information System (Atlas GIS) in Health and Mapping of diseases. Organized  by TDR/WHO, 2 to 9th 1996, Kampala, Uganda.

 2. The use of Atlas GIS in mapping of Onchocerca volvulus in Sudan

Organized By TDR/WHO,3 to 6 September 1996, Ouagadougou, Burkina Fasso.

3.  Analysis of Onchocerca  volvulus Rapid Epidemiological Mapping (REMO) data

Using Atlas GIS. Organized By TDR/WHO, 14 to 17 September 1997, Ouagadougou, Burkina Fasso.

 Administration andAcademic Experience:

 1.Professor of infectious diseases

Institute of Endemic Diseases, University of Khartoum 2003- now


Institute of Endemic Diseases Feb 2003 – 2006

Responsible for the Institute financial, academics, administration and development plans of the institute..

Febraury 2002 – 2006.

3. Acting Director

Responsible for financial academics and administration and development plans of the Institute activities

2001 to 2002.

4.Head, Department of Molecular Biology

Institute of Endemic Diseases

Responsible for the research, training teaching and development of Molecular Biology research and courses.

June 1994 to 2001.

5.  Associate Professor

Department of Molecular Biology

Institute of Endemic Diseases

University of Khartoum

March 1998 - 2003

6. Assistant Professor

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

Faculty of Veterinary Science

University of Khartoum

June 1989 to June 1994

7. Research Assistant

Department of Immunology, Microbiology and Parasitology

New York State College of Veterinary Medicine

Cornell University


August 1987 to June 1989

8. Teaching assistant

 Department of Immunology, Microbiology and Parasitology

New York State College of Veterinary Medicine

Cornell University


September 1983 to August 1987

9. Teaching assistant

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

Faculty of Veterinary Science

University of Khartoum

June 1982 to September 1983


Teaching experience:


  1. Basic Immunology course for undergraduates (University of Khartoum, College of Laboratory Sciences 1994).
  2. Advance Immunology course for Graduate students (University of Khartoum, and  Higher Medical Specialty Council, Ministry of Health 1998).
  3. Basic Molecular Biology Course (University of Khartoum1998).
  4. Advance Molecular Biology course ( University of Khartoum1999).
  5. Basic Molecular Biology Course, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum (2000).
  6. Epidemiology Course for M.V.Sc. students (University of Khartoum 1996).
  7. Bio-statistic Course for Master of Tropical Animal Health Degree students (University of Khartoum, 1997).
  8. Part time lecturer in Bacteriology (University of Khartoum1991)
  9. Immunology course (Sudan Medical Specialty Part 1 students, 1999)
  10. Immunology course (Sudan Medical Specialty Part 1 students, 2000)
  11. Immunology course (Sudan Medical Specialty Part 1 students, 2001)
  12. Immunodermatology course (Sudan Medical Specialty Part 11 students, 1999)
  13. Immunodermatology course (Sudan Medical Speciality Part 11 students, 2000)
  14. Basic Immunology Course (Sudan Medical Speciality council Part 1; 2002)
  15. Immunodermatology Course (Sudan Medical Speciality Council, Part 11; 2002).

 Research Experience:

  1. Humoral Immunity techniques in research of Infectious diseases.
  2. Cellular Immunity techniques in research of Infectious diseases.
  3. Molecular Biology and Recombinant DNA techniques.
  4. Radioisotopes in Biology experiments.
  5. Tissue cultures and monoclonal antibody production.
  6. Electron Microscopy.
  7. General Bacteriology techniques.
  8. Atlas GIS health mapping.

 Research Interest:

1.    Immunology and Molecular Biology of Tropical Diseases.

2.    Host parasite interaction.

3.    The use of Atlas GIS in Health

4.    Biomarkers and diagnostics.

 Research Activities:

 Conducted the following research projects:

1. Cellular Immunity and cytokine profiles in Human Onchocerciasis.

Supported by a grant from NIH- Sudan medical research Council project.

2. DNA heterogeneity of Onchocerca volvulus isolates from different Onchocerciasis

Endemic regions of Sudan. Supported by a grant from TDR\ WHO.

3. Rapid Epidemiological Mapping of Onchocerciasis (REMO) and the Epidemiology of

Malaria in Khartoum State. Supported by a grant from TDR\WHO.

4. Immunity in Bovine Schistosomiasis. Supported by a grant from The EEC.

5. Cellular Immunity in Measles infection. Supported by a grant from the EEC.

6. Characterization of the immune system of Camelus dromedarius.

7. Measles mass vaccination; Supported by WHO grant.

8. Proteomics of the urine of Kala-Azar patients (Supported by the International Center Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology)

9. Biomarkers of the urine and sputum of Mycobacterium TB patients (Supported by TDR/ Find)

10. The epidemiology of pulmonary TB in eastern Sudan (supported by EDCTP).

11- Diagnosis of Visceral Leishmaniasis: a multicenter study of global network for diagnosis of Visceral Leishmaniasis (supported by WHO/ TDR).

12- Improvement of diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (Supported by EDCTP).

13- Monitoring of drug resistance of Leishmania parasites (supported by kala-Core)

14-  Multi species malaria infection in Khartoum and northern states, Sudan

 Supervision and training:

 A. Supervision of Master degree thesis:

  1. Mussa E. Beshir ( awarded M.V. Sc. University of Khartoum 1992)

Thesis title: Immune response of cattle vaccinated with Glutathione- S- transferase and Keyhole limpet hemocyanin to Schistosoma bovis infection.

  1. Victor L. Kuajock (awarded M.V.Sc. University of Khartoum 1994). Thesis title: genetics and Molecular studies on multiple antibiotic resistance of Bovine Mastitis bacteria.
  2. Noura  K. Mohamed ( awarded M.V.Sc. University of Khartoum 1994). Thesis title: Chemotaxis and phagocytic immune responses of sheep polymorphonuclear  neutrophils to Staphylococcus aureus subspecies anaerobius.
  3. Adam M. Adam  ( Awarded M.V.Sc. University of Khartoum 1992, Co-supervisor) Thesis title: Studies on group C Streptococci in Equine in Sudan.
  4. Abdul Wahid Saeed M. Ali (awarded M.V.T.A.H, University of Khartoum 1995). Thesis title: Analysis of the cellular immunity of chicken to Newcastle, Fowl pox, and infectious Bursal disease vaccines.

6.    Salah M. A. EL Beshir ( Awarded M.Sc. 1995). Thesis title: Properties, protein and antigen profiles of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from abscesses of sheep.

7.    Abdalla Hassan Sharief (Awarded M.Sc 1995). Thesis title: Identification of possible reservoirs of Leishmania donovani in two villages in Gadarif state Eastern Sudan.

8.    Iman M. Dafalla (Awarded M.Sc 1995). Thesis title: Experimental infection of Swiss white mice strain with Leishmania donovani and Leishmania major.

9.    Tarrig Babikir Higazzi (Awarded M.Sc.) . Thesis title Protein and antigen profiles of Onchocerca  gutturosa and Onchocerca volvulus.

10. Maha A. Amin (Awarded M.Sc1995). Thesis title: The Filaricidal effect of some compounds against Onchocerca gutturosa in Vitro.

11. Magdi M. M. Ali (Awarded M.Sc.1995). Thesis title: Proliferative  and cytokine responses of human Onchocerca volvulus  Patients.

12. Ali A. EL Irragi (Awarded M.Sc. November 1996). Thesis title : Monitoring of maternal immunity against Anthrax (Bacillus anthraces , Black quarter (Colsridum chauvii  and Hemorrhagic septicemia (Pasteurella hemorrhagica) vaccines in bovine calves.

13. Hawa T. El Hussien (M.Sc. student will finish Dec. 1998).

Thesis title: Isolation and enumeration of lymphocytes of camels.

14  Alwia S. Ahmed (Awarded M.V.Sc.1997). Thesis title : Studies on Corynebacterium ovis sheep isolates.

15  Nabeeha AbdelGalil (1998). Cytogenetics and the immune system of Camelus dromedaries.

16  Aisha Husien (1998). Characterization and molecular analysis of Mycoplasma sheep isolates.

17  Haja Sittana El Mubarak (1999). A serological and virological study of Measles in Khartoum, Sudan.

18  Misk El Yemen A. El Mekki (2000). Sensitivty and specificity of RAL2, Calreticulin and PDI recombinant antigens of Onchocerca volvulus.

19  Rihab Abdel Gadir Hashim (2001). Parasite diversity and antibody response to Plasmodium falciparum in Patients with cerebral Malaria.

20  Mona Abdel rahaman El Agib (2001). Monitoring of Leishmania donovani specific antibodies in Kala-Azar and Post kala-Azar Dermal Leishmaniasis patients in Sudan.

21  Manal Gamal Eldin Abdu (2001). Characterization of  Pentostam resistant Leishmania Donovani isolates from eastern Sudan.

22  Magzoub Abbas Magzoub (2003).

23  Monitoring of CD4 and CD8 T- lymphocytes in Sudanese HIV/ AIDS patients.

24  Amel Saeed AbdElrahaman (2005). Comparison of liquid DAT, Freeze dried DAT, rK39, Diamed and katex urine test in diagnsis of visceral Leishmaniasis in Eastern Sudan.

25  Israa Omer Elrayah (2005). Cellular and cytokine responses of Mycetoma patients.

26  Amel Farouk (2006). HLA class11 alleles associated with myctoma infection in Sudanses patients.

27  Rasha Wage AllahShanteir (2006). Monitoring of antibodies responses in mycetoma patients.

28  Ehab Abdulaziz Mohamed Elagab 2006. Thesis title: Cytokines Profile of stimulated peripheral blood monocytes of Eumycetoma patients.

29   Dina Tag Elsir (2007). Correlates of immunity in dermal Leishmaniasis Sudanese patients.

30  Mukhild Imam Ali (2007). Molecular characterization of Leishmania isolates from dermal Leishmaniasis Sudanese patients.

31  Reem Mamoun Ibrahim and Sara Osman Mustafa 2007. Thesis title: Treatment seeking behavior of tuberculosis patients in Khartoum state.

32  Gihan Mossalami Mohamed Ali (awarded 2008). Ana;ysis of the NAGT gene diversity among Leishmania isolates from Sudan.

33  Aymen Awad (2008). Deletion of Leishmania donovani antigens in urine of visceral leishmaniasis patients.

34  Nazik Awad (2008). Protein profiles of Leishmania donovani axenic forms.

35  Hiba Osman Kailani (2009). Identification of new biomarkers for diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis.

36  Abdallah Haj Ahmed Ali Elnoor. 2009. Thesis title: Prevalence of asymptomatic visceral leishmaniasis in White Nile Area..

37  Mohamed Osman H. Tahir 2010. Thesis title: Cytokines profiles of Sudanese visceral Leishmaniasis patients.

38  Tasneed Omer Elsamani 2010: thesis title: Molecular identification of rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis based on rPOB gene sequence.

39  Mohamed Abdulgader Saif. 2010. Thesis title: Typing of Leishmaniasis in Yemen.

40  Samah M H. Saad, 2011. Thesis title: Molecular characterization of Sudanese Gum Arabic Tree ( Acacia senegal var. senegal) using random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD).

41  Tasneem Maowia (2012). Analysis of antibody responses to candidate malaria vaccine candidates in seasonal unstable malaria endemic  areas in eastern Sudan.

42  Hablatalla Gindeel (2012). Identification and invitro evaluation of new repurposed antileishmanial dugs using Bioinformatics.

43  Nada Merghani 2012: Thesis Title: The Cytotoxic Effect of Phenolic Based Compounds, Calcium Hydroxybenzoates, on Breast Cancer Cells

44  Abdullah Mohamed Hussein Baheit 2013: Thesis title: Monitoring of Interleukin 10 level among patients with complicated Schistosoma mansoni infection

45  Haythem Abdalla Osman Mustafa 2014. Thesis title: Sero and molecular detection of HCV among hemodialysis patients in Khartoum State.

46   Nesrin Jaffar Gindeel 2015. Thesis title: Seroinvestigation of Dengue fever epidemic in Port Sudan and molecular typing of the virus.

47  Abdallah Elsir A. Ahmed 2015; Thesis title: Identification of new candidate RAPD markers for typing Leishmania donovani parasites.

48  Hana Abd Alfatah Kylany. 2015. Thesis title: Genetic diversity of  Plasmodium vivax isolates from Kassala State Sudan.

49  Sallah Bushara Marajan 2018.  Thesis title: Development of a new urine based diagnostic test for Visceral leishmaniasis

50  Amna Adil ongoing. Thesis title: Detection of autoantibodies to breast cancer.

51  Linda Abasher (M.Sc. Molecular Biology) 2018. Thesis title; Detection of Plasmodium Falciparum drug resistance genes associated with Chloroquine and Fansidar (Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine) resistance in North Khartoum and Eastern-Sudan.           

B. Supervision of Ph.D. students .

1. Mohamed Haroun Ali (awarded 2001)

Thesis title: Analysis of the cellular and Humoral immunity to Rinderpest virus.

2. Victor L. Kuajock (Awarded 2001)

Thesis title: Immunology and molecular biology of Mycobacterium (Nocardia)  infection in cattle.

3.    Abbas Mohamed Ahmed (expected 2004):

Thesis title: Local and systemic immune response to combined sheep pox and anthrax vaccine.

4.    Ali M. El Eraggi (expected 2004):

Thesis title: Molecular clustering and drug resistance of Mycobacterium TB in Sudan.

5.    Layla Ismail (expected 2003):

Thesis title: Population genetics of Camelus dromedarius in Sudan

6.    El Waleed Mohamed El Amin (2004)

Molecular characterization and genetic markers of Sudanese Leishmania parasites

7. Abbas Mohamed Ahmed (2006)

Development of combined Anthrax- sheep box vaccine

8. Sahar Mubarak Bakhiet (2006)

Molecular Typing of Sudanese Leishmania parasites.

9.Annas El Mehbashi (2008). Molecular epidemiology and drug resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Yemen.

10. Fatma Abbas Khalid (2009). Epidemiology of pulmonary tuberculosis and molecular characterization of drug resistant isolates from Kassala State (supported by EDCTP senior fellowship grant 2005 to 2007).

11. Maha Elnasri,  2010 on The adversity and drug resistance patterns of Mycobacterrium Tuberculosis isolates from different regions of Sudan.

12. Aymen Awad abdel Halem. 2011. Thesis title: Systemic and local immune resposnes in different clinical forms of Leishmaniasis


13. Yassin Abdel Warrith Abdel Rashid; 2009; Thesis title: Leishmaniasis in Yemeni children: Sero-epidemiological study in Taiz and Lahj Governerates.

14 Dina Tagelsir Eltayeb Babiker. 2013. Analysis of the innate and adaptive immune responses of VL patients to Leishmania vaccine candidates.

15.Manal Gamal Abdu, 2010; Thesis title: Molecular determinants of novel virulence genes of Sudanese Leishmania isolates causing diverse clinical forms

16.Hadeel Faisal 2014. Thesis title: Analysis of the systemic cytokine responses of Visceral Leishmaniasis and Pulmonary tuberculosis patients to homologous and heterologous antigen stimulation

17. Huda Khalid 2014. Thesis title: Characterization and production of neutralizing antibodies for venoms of (Naja nubiae) and ( Echis ocellatus) snakes species from Sudan.

18. Asim Osman Abdoun 2015. Thesis title: Evaluation of new point of care rapid tests and development of urine based diagnostic test for Visceral Leishmaniasis

19. Arif Fath Alrahman Fadial Allah 2015. The association of IL-10 (-1082 G/A) and IFNg (+874 T/A)  SNIPs and cytokine expression with the development of complicated Schistosomiasis in  Sudanese patients

20. Sababel SalihAbdalla Ali. 2016. Thesis title: Loop mediated isothermal amplification Assay (LAMP) and Real Time {CR for diagnosis and monitoring of Visceral Leishmaniasis patients.

21. Wafa Mohammed Abdelwahab El Tazi. 2012. Thesis title: Cigarette smoking and the periodontal health: A clinical and molecular study among a group of patients in Khartoum

22. Manal Gamal Eldin Abdu Mohamed. 2010. Molecular determinants of noel virulence genes of Sudanese Leishmania donovani isolates causing diverse clinical isolates.

23. Hisham Nour Eldaim Eltayeb. 2015. Molecular characterization and comparative study of occurrence of CTx-m, TEM, and SHV types lactamase producing Enterobacteriacae from different regions of Sudn.

24. Amal Farouk Aldawi. 2015. Thesis title: Modulation of expression of innate immunity markers by human macrophage  THP1 cell line following infection with Leishmania donovani isolates.

25. Sami Hussein Mohamed Hassan. (MD). 2013. Thesis title: Subclinical Leishmania donovani infection in children: A community based study.

26. Zienab Imam (Ph.D. molecular Biology). 2018. Molecular markers of Malaria gametogenesis


27. Sababil Salih Ali (Ph.D. molecular Biology) 2018. Development of non invassic=ve simple diagnostic test for Visceral leishmaniasis (LAMP).

28. Sarah Ibrahim Abdelmoniem (Ph.D. Immunology). Bacterial and host markers of drug resistance tuberculosis.

29. Waleed Abdelatif (Ph.D. Immunology)  2019. Analysis iof the cytokine response of Occult hepatitis B  and HIV coinfected patients.

30. Huzeifa Hassan Elnour (Ph.D. Immunology) 2019: Thesis title: humoral and cytokine profiles of of hepatitis B infection

31. Sara Abd Elatif Ibraim 23019. Identification of  New Markers for Pulmonary Tuberculosis Using   Proteomics and Immunological Profiling

32- Einas Awad Ali (Ph.D. Molecular Biology) 2020; Molecular characterization of Carbapenemase Hydrolyzing betalactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae from  Soba, Ribat, Bahri and Umdurman hospitals (2016-2019).

 Awarded Research Grants:         

1. Principals Investigator World Health Grant # 920144.

To identify possible reservoir hosts of Leishmania donovani in kala-azar endemic region in eastern Sudan. 1992-1993.

2. Principals Investigator World Health Grant # 950011 to study the Epidemiology of

Malaria and to rapid epidemiological mapping (REMO of Onchocerca volvulus infection in Sudan.


3. Principals Investigator , University Of Khartoum Research Grant For Investigation of

Multiple antibiotic resistance among bacterial Pathogens.

4. Co — investigator World Health Organization Grant # 940452 to study the pathogenesis of      deferent  clinical presentation of Onchodermatitis in natural and ivermectin treated Sudanese


5. Principals Investigator World Health Organization Atlas GIS grant to map Onchocerca volvulus infection in Sudan.


6. Investigators World Health Organization  grant number 960636 to study the immunology and histamine release in Onchocerciasis patients pre and post ivermectin treatment.

7. Principals Investigator International Foundation of Science grant number B/2584-1, to study  the cellular immune response of camel peripheral blood Lymphocytes to Tryapanosoma evansi , Rinderpest , Hydata and Brucella antigens Jan 1997 to June 1998.

8. Principal investigator WHO/TDR/EMRO grant numbe98/109 To study the host and parasite factors associated with Post Kala-azar Dermal Leishmaniasis (PKDL). 1998 to 1999.

9. Principal investigator WHO/TDR grant number 990559 to study the parasite determinants associated with Post Kala Azar dermal Leishmaniasis in Sudan.

Awarded 1999 – 2000.

10. Principal investigator WHO TDR grant No.  A0810.   Molecular clustering and drug resistance of Mycobacterium TB of different regions of Sudan. 2000 to 2002.

11. Principal investigator WHO grant No. YP/181

Title: efficacy of measles mass vaccination in urban and periurban sites in Khartoum, Sudan 2001 to 2003.

12. Senior fellowship EDCTP to study the burden of pulmonary tuberculosis in eastern Sudan 2005.

13- Principal Investigator ICGEB grant on Proteomics of the urine of Kala-Azar patients 2005- 2006.

14. PI of TDR/ FIND grant on Biomarkers of Mycobacterium TB infection 2006 - 2007

15 Co-investigator on UBS grant on Correlates of protective immunity to Leishmania infection 2005 – 2006

16. Principal Investigator WHO/ TDR/ FIND grant on Biomarkers of pulmonary tuberculosis Sudanese patients. 2006 – 2008.

17. Co- Principal investigator: WHO/ TDR grant on diagnosis network of Visceral Leishmaniasis

18. Principal investigator CRDF/ USA grant on Proteomics of the urine of Visceral leishmaniasis patients: identification of diagnostic and prognostic markers. April 2011 to May 2012. 24,000 USD. 30 hours/ week

19. Principal Investigator IDRI grant “ Phase 111 clinical Trial to evaluate the efficacy of rK28 based ICT for diagnosis of Visceral Leishmaniasis” Funded by IDRI, USA. 2012-2015.

20.  Principal Investigator: Development and evaluation of new diagnostic tests for Visceral Leishmaniasis. Foundation for Innovative new Diagnostics (FIND). 2014-2015

21. Principal Investigator: Evaluation of Rapid detection test for diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis: a multi center study. Foundation for Innovation New Diagnostics (FIND); 2016-2017

22. Principal investigator WHO/TDR/EMRO grant on GIS mapping of P. vivax malaria in eastern and central Sudan; 2015-2016

23. Principal Investigator. Identification of new candidate anti tubercular drugs using, Bioinformatics, proteomics and immunological profiling

24. Principal investigator. Monitoring of drug resistance of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Sudan. KalaCore project. DIFD, UK. 2016-2018.

25. Co Applicant. East Africa consortium for clinical research. EDCTP. 2017-2020.

26. Principal investigator: Monitoring of drug resistance of Leishmania donovani in Sudan. Supported by Kala-Core/ DFID 2017 to 2018

27. Investigator: Tackling infections to benefit Africa (TIBA), at university of Edinburgh. Supported by NIHR, UK. 2018-2020.

28.  One Health Work package Leader, PANDORA, funded by EDCTP. 2018 – 2021.

29. Country coordinator: EXIT-TB consortium 2018-2021 Funded by EDCTP

 Administration experience:

  1. Director, Bioscience Research I statute, Ibn Sina University, Khartoum, Sudan 2019 to date
  2. Director, Institute of Endemic Diseases, University of Khartoum, 2003 to 2006
  3. Acting Director, Institute of Endemic Diseases,  June 2000 to February 2003.
  4. Acting Director, Institute of Endemic Diseases, University of Khartoum.1 October 1997 to 1 January 1998.
  5. Head, Department of Molecular Biology,  Institute of Endemic Diseases, University of Khartoum, June 1994 to now.
  6. Secretary Department of preventive Medicine and Public Health Faculty of veterinary Science,University of Khartoum,February 1993 to February 1994.
  7. Secretary Faculty Research Board, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Khartoum, June 1990 to September 1992.
  8. Assistant Director, Parasitic diseases research laboratory, Tropical Medicine Research Institute, National center for Research, June 1993 to June 1995.

      Steering Committee Membership:

  1. Co-chair: Human African Trypanosomiasis, Leishmaniasis and Chagas Disease reference group, TDR/ WHO May 2009 to May 2011.
  2. Temporary consultant TDR to assess Tropical Diseases research and capacity building in Eretria, Yemen and Sudan 2002.
  3. Temporary consultant TDR to assess tropical diseases research and capacity building in Yemen: 25 June to 03 July 2003
  4. Member of The World Health Organization (WHO)/ TDR Steering Committee on Research Capability Strengthening, 1999 to 2001.
  5. WHO temporary advisor and steering Committee member on Measles March 2002.
  6. Member of Country coordination Committee Sudan for the Global Fund 2005 to now.
  7. Member of the National Research Council, Federal Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan.
  8. Member of National Ethical Committee Federal Ministry of Health Sudan

Societies membership:

1. American society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

2. Sudanese society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Clinical trial experience:

1.Phase 1,11,and 111 Evaluation of new diagnostics for Visceral Leishmaniasis in Sudan

2.Phase1,11,and 111 evaluation of new drugs for treatment of Visceral Leishmaniasis in east Africa


1. Chemotactic response of Equine polymorphonuclear neutrophils to Streptococcus equi. Maowia M. Mukhtar and John F.Timoney. 1987.

Research Veterinary Science. 45: 225-229.

2. M Proteins of Equine group C Streptococci. John F. Timoney, Maowia M. Mukhtar;Jorge Galan; and Jiabing Ding. 1990.

In Genetics and Molecular Biology of Streptococcus, Lactococci and Enterococci. Edited by Gary M. Dunny and Patrick Cleary, St. Paul Minnesota, USA.

3. Variability in the M proteins of Equine strains of streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus. John F. Timoney and Maowia M. Mukhtar. 1991. Proceedings of the 6th International conference of Equine infectious diseases, USA.

4. Suppression of egg production in Schistosoma bovis by vaccination with either Glutathione-S-transferase or Keyhole limbet hemocyanin. H.O. Bushara, M.E. Beshir; Maowia M. Mukhtar; A. Capron, and M. G. Taylor. 1992. Parasite Immunology 44: 242-248.

5. The Protective M Proteins of equine group C streptococci.

Timoney J.F. and Mukhtar M.M. 1993. Veterinary Microbiology 37(3-4): 389 – 394.

6. Evaluation of defined vaccine against S. bovis and S. Japonicum in Bovines. Beshir, M.E.; Bickle, O.; Bushara, H.O.; Cook,L.; Fuhui, S.; He, D.; Huggins, M.; Lin, J.; Malik. K.; Moloney, A.; Mukhtar, M.; Ye, P.; Xu, S.; Taylor, M.; and Shi, Y. 1994. Tropical and Geographical Medicine, 46: 255-258.

7. Application of Molecular Biological techniques for detection of Epizootic hemorrhagic diseases virus (EHDV-318) recovered from sentinel calf in central Sudan. Mohamed, M.E.H.; Aradiab, I.E.; Mukhtar, M. M.; Ghalib, H.W.; Rieman,  H.P.; Oyejide, A.; and Osburn, B.I. 1996. Veterinary Microbiology. 52: 201- 208.

8. Mastitis in Camelus dromedarius and the somatic cell contents of  camel's milk. A. I. Obied,; H.O. Bagadi; and Maowia M. Mukhtar. 1996. Research Veterinary Science. 61(1): 55-58.

9. Serogrouping and topotyping of Sudanese and United States of strains of  Epizootic hemmorrhagic disease virus using Polymerase Chian Reaction. Aradiab, I.E.; Mohamed, M.E.H.; Mukhtar M.M.; Ghalib, H.W.; and Osburn, B.I. 1997. Comparative Immunology and Infectious Diseases. 63- 67.

10. The proliferative response by chick lymphocytes following vaccination with Newcastle disease, Infectious Bursal Disease and Fowlpox virus antigens. A.S. Ali,; M.M. Mukhtar and M.E. H. Mohammed. 1997.Journal Veterinary Malaysia. 9 (2):77- 81.

11. The Burden of Onchocerca volvulus on Sudan. Maowia M. Mukhtar; Musa, M. Khier; Omer Z. Baraka; and M.M.A. Homieda. 1998. Annals Tropical Medicine and Parasitology. 92 (1):129- 131.

12. Prevalence of multiple antibiotic resistance among bovine mastitis pathogens in Khartoum State, Sudan.

Victor L. Kwajock, H.O. Bagadi; P. Shears and Maowia M. Mukhtar. 1999. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. Animal Husb. 38 (1-2): 64-69.

13. A comparative study of protein and antigen profiles of Onchocerca gutturosa and Onchocerca volvulus isolates from Sudan. Tarrig B. Higazi; S. Younis and M. M. Mukhtar. 1999. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. Animal Husb. 38 (1-2): 124 – 130.

14.  A study of the urban malaria transmission problem in Khartoum. Badria B. Elsayed; David A. Arnot; Maowia M. Mukhtar; Omer Z. Baraka; Asim A. Dafalla; Dia Eldin Elnaiem, and Abdel Hamid D. Nugud. Acta Tropica. 75 (2000) 163-171.

15. Detection of antibodies to Leishmania donovani in Visceral leishmaniasis endemic area in Eastern Sudan. Maowia M. Mukhtar, Sherief,A.; Elsaffi, S.H.; Harith, A. and Abdalla H.S. 2000. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 94: 1- 4.

16. Measles in the Sudan: Serological and Virological characterization of clinical cases. Elmbarak, H.S.; van de Bildt; O.A. Mustafa; Vos,H.W., Mukhtar, M.M., et al. 2000. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 38(3): 987 – 991.

17. Development of a species specific PCR- Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis procedure for identification of Madurella mycetomatis. Abdalla O.A. Ahmed, Maowia M. Mukhtar; et al 1999. Journal Clinical Microbiology 37(10): 3175 – 3178.

18. RNA genome profiles of Sudanese isolates of Palyam virus by serogrouping using PAGE and agarose – gel electrophoresis.

M.E.H. Mohamed; K.E.E. Ibrahim; M.M. Mukhtar; A.E. Karrar; B.I. Osburn and I.E. Aradaib. 1999. Sud.J.Vet.Sci.Animal Husb. (38(1-2): 30-35.

19- Specific antibodies of Pasteurella multocida in newborn calves of vaccinated dams. Erragi, A.M.S.; Mukhtar, M. M. and Babiker, S.H.Tropical Animal Health and Production.33(2001):275-283. 

20. Cytotaxonomic and molecular analysis of Simulium ( Edwadsellum) damnosum sensu lato (Diptra: Simuliidae) from Abuhamad, Sudan.

Tarig, B. Higazi, Daniel A. Boakye; Michael D. Willson; Babiker M. Mahmoud; Omer Z. Baraka; Maowia M. Mukhtar et al. 2000.J. Med. Entomology: 37(4):547 – 554.

21. Effect of single doses Praziquantel on morbidity and mortality of intestinal Schistosomiasis.  Musa M. Kheir. Omer,Z, Baraka, Isam A. Eltom, Maowia M. Mukhtar and Mamoum M.A. Homieda. 2000. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal.

22. Safety and immunogenicity of an autoclaved Leishmania major vaccine.

E.A.G. Khalil; A.M.Elhassan; E.E. Zijlstra; O.F. Osman; I.A. Eljack; M.E. Ibrahim; M.M. Mukhtar; H.W. Ghalib, and F.M. Modabber. 2000.

East African Medical Jouranl. October, 2000.

23. Autoclaved Leishmania major vaccine for prevention of visceral leishmaniasis: a randomized, double blind, BCG controlled trial in Sudan.

E.A.G. Khalil; A.M. Elhassan; E.E. Zijlstra; M.M. Mukhtar; H.W. Ghalib; Breyma Musa; M.E. Ibrahim; Areeg, A. Kamil; M. Elshiekh; A. Babikir; F. Modabber, 2000.The Lancet  Vol.356; November 4: 1565 – 1569.

24. Prevention of measles in Sudan: a prospective study on vaccination, diagnosis and Epidemiology. Rik L. de Swart; Sittana El Mubarak; Helma, W. Vos; Omer, M. Mustafa; Abdalaah Abdallah; Jan Groen; Maowia M. Mukhtar; Edward, E. Zijlstra,; Ahmed, M. Elhassan; Fabian, T. Wild; Salah, A. Ibrahim and Abert, D.M.E. Osterhaus. Vaccine 19(2001): 2254 – 2257.

25. The stimulatory effect of Newcastle disease virus one chicken lymphocytes. A.S. Ali and M.M. Mukhtar. 2001. Sudan J.Vet. Sci.Animal. Husb. 40 (1-2): 22 - 25.

26. Onchocerca volvulus: genetic diversity of parasite isolates from Sudan.

Higazi, T.B.; Katholi, C.R.; Mahmoud, B.M.; Baraka, O.Z.; Mukhtar, M.M.; Qubati, Y.A.; and Unnasch, T.R. Exp. Parasitology, 2001 Jan;97(1):24-34.

27. Immunostimultory effects of Levamisole and Egg White Powder on humoral and cellular immunity to Newcastle diseases vaccination. M.O. Abdalla; M.E. H. Mohammed; A.S. Ali; M.M. Mukhtar and M.L. Mohd-Azmi. 1999. Malasian Applied Biology. 28(1 & 2):73-77.

28. Specific antibodies of Pasteurella multocida in newborn calves of vaccinated dams. El-Eragi, A.M.; Mukhtar,M.M. and Babiker,S.H. 2001. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2001 Jul;33(4):275-83.

29. Detection of antibodies against Peste des petitis ruminants virus in sera of cattle, camel, sheep and goats in Sudan. Haroun, M. I.; Hajer, I.E.; Mukhtar, M.M.; and Ali, B.E. 2002. Vet. Res. Communications. 26 (2002) 1 -5.

30. Pathogenesis of RBOK vaccine and Rinderpest virus Saudi 1/81 virulent strain in susceptible Angus breed calves. M.H. Isamil; M. M. Mukhtar and I.E. Hager. 2000. Sudan J. Vet. Res. 16: 21 – 26.

31. Genetic characterization of wild type measles viruses circulating in suburban Khartoum, 1997 2000. H.S.El Mubarak; M.W.G. van de Bildt; O.A. Mustafa; H.W. Vos; M.M. Mukhtar; S.A. Ibrahim; A.C. Andeweg; A.M. Elhasan; A.D.M.E. Osterhaus and R.L. de Swart. 2002. J. General Virology. 83: 1437 1443.

32. Measurement of cell mediated immunity to infectious bursal disease virus and fowl pox virus. A.S. Ali and M.M. Mukhtar. 2001. Sudan J. Vet. Sci. Animal. Husb. 40 (1-2) 8 – 12.

33. Visceral Leishmaniasis Molecular Epidemiology: Parasite and host immune factors associated with Post Kala-Azar Dermal Leishmaniasis (PKDL) in Sudan. Maowia M. Mukhtar 2001. WHO/TDR/ EMRO Publications.

34. Measles in suburban Khartoum: an epidemiological and clinical study.

Ibrahim, S.A.; Mustafa, O.M.; Mukhtar, M.M.; Saleh, E.A.; Elmubarak, H.S. Abdallah, A.; Elhassan A.M.; Osterhaus, A.D.; Groen, J.; DeSwart, R.L.; Zijlstra, E.E. 2002. Trop.Med.Int.Health. 7(5): 442 – 449.

35. Immunocompetence may be important in the effectiveness of Mectizan (ivermectin) in treatment of human onchocerciasis. Magdi M.M. Ali; Maowia M. Mukhtar; Omer Z. Baraka; Mamoun M.A. Homeida; Musa M. Kheir and Charles D. Mackenzie. Acta Tropica  2002 Oct;84(1):49-53.2002.

36. The natural history of post Kala-Azar Dermal Leishmaniasis: clinical, epidemiological and prognostic features. Musa A. M. E.A.G. Khalil; M.A. Raheem; E.E. Zijlstra; M.E. Ibrahim; I.M. Elhassan; M.M. Mukhtar and A.M. Elhassan. 2002. Annals Trop.Med. & parasitology. 96 (8): 765 -772.

37.  Antimony- resistant Leishmania donovani in eastern Sudan: incidence and invitro correlation.Abdo MG; ELAmin WM; Khalil EAG.; and Mukhtar, MM. 2003. East Med. Health. J. 9(4): 12-18.

38. Sudanese mucosal leishmaniasis: isolation of a parasite within the Leishmania donovani complex that differs genotypically from L. donovani causing classical visceral leishmaniasis. Muzamil Mahdi , Elwaleed M. Elamin  , Sara E. Melville, Ahmed M. Musa, Jenefer M. Blackwell , Moawia M. Mukhtar, Ahmed M. Elhassan , Muntaser E. Ibrahim , 2004. Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 5 , 29-33.

39. Parasite diversity in adult patients with cerebral malaria: a hospital based case- control study. Shigidi M; Hashim, RA; Idris MN, Mukhtar MM and Sokrab TE. 2004. Am.J Trop. Med. Hyg. 71(6): 754- 757

40. Uncommon clinical presentation of cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Sudan EM Elamin; Gourbouji N. Musa, AM; Guizani I; Khalil EK.; Mukhtar MM, et al. 2005.. Trans.Act.Roy. Soc. Trop.Med. Hyg. Nov.99(11):803-808.

41. Juvenile-onset Parkinsonism as a result of the first mutation in the adenosine triphosate orientation domain of PINK1Anne-Louise Leutenegger; Mustafa A. Salih; Pablo Ibanez; Maowia M. Mukhtar; et al. 2006.. Arch. Neurol. 2006; 63:1257-1261.

42. Epidemiology of Theileria annulata Infection of Dairy Cattle in the Sudan Using Molecular Techniques Awadia M. Ali; Mohammed A. Bakhite; Maowia M. Mukhtar. Shawgi M. Hassan; Jabbar S. Ahmed and Ulrike Seizer. 2006.. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1081: 471–472 (2006)

43. Comparative assays of rpoB gene for identification of Mycobacterium

tuberculosis isolated from patients in Sudan. Ali M.E.eragi; Mohamed E. Hamid; Nageeb S. Saeed; Alla H. Ahmed; Keunhwa Lee; Yoon-Hoh Kook and Maowia M. Mukhtar.  IJTuberc.Lung Dis.  2007;: 11(6): 1 – 5..

44. C-terminal titin deletions cause a novel early-onset myopathy with fatal cardiomyopathy. Ann Neurol. 2007 Apr 19;61(4):340-351. Carmignac V, Salih MA, Quijano-Roy S, Marchand S, Al Rayess MM, Mukhtar MM, Urtizberea JA, Labeit S, Guicheney P, Leturcq F, Gautel M, Fardeau M, Campbell KP, Richard I, Estournet B, Ferreiro A.  Annal.Neurol. 2007:Apri19;61(4):340 -351.

45. Infection of cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) and rhesus macaques (macaca mulatta) with different wild type measles viruses.  El Mubarak HS; Yuksel S; vam Amerongen G; Hulder PG; Mukhtar MM, Osterhaus AD and de Swart R. J. Gen. Virol. 2007 (Jul) (Pt7): 2028 34.

46. Detection of viral Ribonucleic acid in tissues, ocular and nasal secretions of valves vaccinated with Rinderpest Bovine old Kabete Strain. Haroun, M; Mukhtar MM; Hajer IE; Kheir SAM; Ali BE and Barrett T. International Journal of Molecular Medicine and Advance Sciences . 2007 3(3): 131 – 137.

47. Immune response of Sheep vaccinated with combined Anthrax and Capriox vaccine. Abbas M. Ahmed; M.M. Mukhtar; A.M. Elhussien; T. A.M. Nour; and M.A. Fadul. Research Journal of Animal Sciences.2007;1(1): 49-52

48. Histopathological changes in skin and lymph nodes of sheep following vaccination with Anthrax, Capripox and combined Anthrax and capripox vaccines. Abbas. M. Ahmed; A.M. Zakia; M.M. Mukhtar and A.M. Elhussien. Journal of animal and veterinary advances 2007; 6(3):332- 327.

49. Immune response of sheep vaccinated with Capripox.  Abbas M. Ahmed; M.M. Mukhtar; A.M. Elhussien; T. A.M. Nour; and M.A. Fadul.. Veterinary research 2007. 1(1):12- 16.

50. Combined anthrax and sheep pox vaccine: production and immunization trail in Sudan. Abbas M. Ahmed; M.M. Mukhtar; A.M. Elhussien; T. A.M. Nour; and M.A. Fadul. Journal of animals and veterinary advances.2007;6(4);517-521.

51. Homologous housekeeping proteins in Nocardia--the NoDaMS proteomic database.Koenig S, Mehlich AM, Ackermann D, Hamid ME, Saeed NS, Mukhtar M, El Hassan M. Front Biosci. 2008 Jan 1;13:842-55

51. Identification of Leishmania donovani as a cause of cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Sudan. E.M.Elamin, I.Guizani; S.Guerbouj; M. Gramicia A. M. El Hassan; T. Di Muccio; M.A.Taha ; and M. M. Mukhtar. Trans.Roy. Soc. Trop.Med. Hyg. 2008: 102:54-57.

52. Diagnostic tests for kala-azar at primary care level: a multi-centre study of the freeze-dried DAT, rK39 strip test and KAtex in East-Africa and the Indian subcontinentMarleen Boelaert; Abraham Aseffa; Sayda El-Safi; Asrat Hailu; Jane Mbui; Maowia Mukhtar; Suman Rijal; Shyam Sundar; Monique Wasunna; Joris Menten; Philippe Desjeux; Rosanna W. Peeling. Trans.Roy.Soc.Trop.Med. Hyg.2008: 102: 61 – 65.

53. Leishmania major/ HIV coinfeciton in a Sudanese patient: first report. Mukhtar M, Elamin E; Bakhiet S and Khier M.. East Mediterranean Health Journal. 54. Isolation and identification of Leishmania donovani from Phlebotomus orientalis, in an area of eastern Sudan with endemic visceral leishmaniasis. Hassan MM; Elamin EM and Mukhtar MM. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2008 Sep;102(6):553-5

55. Comparison of the molecular structure of the TaSP gene of Theileria annulata from Sudanese isolates. Ali AM, Salih D, Bakheit M, El Hussein AR, Hassan SM, Mukhtar MM, Ahmed JS, Seitzer U. 2008.

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008 Dec;1149:218-20.

56. Trypanosomoa CF. varani in an imported Ballpython (Python reginus) from Ghana. Sato H, Takano A, Kawabata H, Une Y, Watanabe H, Mukhtar MM.J Parasitol. 2009 Jan 12:1.

57. A new complex homozygous large rearrangement of the PINK1 gene in a Sudanese family with early onset Parkinson's disease. Cazeneuve C, Sân C, Ibrahim SA, Mukhtar MM, Kheir MM, Leguern E, Brice A, Salih MA.

Neurogenetics. 2009 Feb 12.

58 Mucosal leishmanias in a Sudanese patient.

Abbas K, Musatafa MA, Abass S, Kheir MM, Mukhtar M, Elamin EM, Elhassan AM. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Jun;80(6):935-8.

59. Refinement of the clinical phenotype in Musk-related congenital maysthenic syndrome. Mihaylova V, Salih MA, Mukhtar MM, Abuzeid HA, El-Sadig SM, von der Hagen M, Huebner A, Nürnberg G, Abicht A, Müller JS, Lochmüller H, Guergueltcheva V. Neurology. 2009 Dec 1;73(22):1926-8.

60. Ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 2: clinical, biological and genotype/phenotype correlation study of a cohort of 90 patients.

Anheim M, Monga B, Fleury M, Charles P, Barbot C, Salih M, Delaunoy JP, Fritsch M, Arning L, Synofzik M, Schöls L, Sequeiros J, Goizet C, Marelli C, Le Ber I, Koht J, Gazulla J, De Bleecker J, Mukhtar M, Drouot N, Ali-Pacha L, Benhassine T, Chbicheb M, M'Zahem A, Hamri A, Chabrol B, Pouget J, Murphy R, Watanabe M, Coutinho P, Tazir M, Durr A, Brice A, Tranchant C, Koenig M. Brain. 2009 Oct;132(Pt 10):2688-98.

 61. Design, development and evaluation of rK28-based point-of-care tests for improving rapid diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis. Pattabhi S, Whittle J, Mohamath R, El-Safi S, Moulton GG, Guderian JA, Colombara D, Abdoon AO, Mukhtar MM, Mondal D, Esfandiari J, Kumar S, Chun P, Reed SG, Bhatia A. 2010. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2010 Sep 14;4(9).

62.  First report on Leishmania major/ HIV coinfection in a Sudanese patient. Mukhtar M, Elamin E; Bakhiet S and Khier M. 2010. East Mediterranean Health Journal.16(6):702-703.

63. Samah Saad, Moawia Mukhtar, Essam Warag, Hassan Elamin, Mustafa Yildiz . 2011. Molecular characterization of Sudanese Gum Arabic Tree ( Acacia senegal var. senegal) using random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Current Opinion in Biotechnology - CURR OPIN BIOTECHNOL , vol. 22, pp. S139-S139, 2011

64. Encyclopedia of Environmental Health: Leishmaniases. I Guizani, M Mukhtar; J Alvar; S Ben Abderrazak and J Shaw. Elsevier 2011.

65. First report on Ambisome associated allergic reaction in two Sudanese Leishmaniasis patients. Mukhtar, Maowia; Aboud, Mona; Kheir, Musa; Bakhiet, Sahar; Abdullah, Nazik; Ali, Ahmed; Elamin, Elwaleed; Elagib, Atif. American Journal Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2011 Oct.85(4):644-645.

 65. Genetic diversity of Lieshmania from Sudan and possible correlation with clinical signs: preliminary results. A. Babiker; S. Ravagnan; A. Salviato; A. Drago; A. Natale; M.M. Hassan; S.M. Bakhiet; M. Osman; G. Capelli and Maowia M. Mukhtar.Giornale itlaiano DiMedicinaTropicale.2011.16(3-4):68-76.

66. Variable Disease Severity in Saudi Arabian and Sudanese families with c. 3924+2 T>C mutation of LAMA2. Claudia Di Blasi; Emanuela Bellafoire; Mustafa A.M. Salih; M Chiara Mazini; Steven A. Moore; Mohamed Z. Seidahmed; Maowia M. Mukhtar BioMed. Central Research. Notes 2011. http://

67.  Malaria Risk Mapping for Control in the Republic of Sudan. Noor AM, Elmardi KA, Abdelgader TM, Patil AP, Amine AA, Bakhiet S, Mukhtar MM, Snow RW. .  Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012 Oct 1. [Epub ahead of print]

68.  A Global Comparative Evaluation of Commercial Immunochromatographic Rapid Diagnostic Tests for Visceral Leishmaniasis. Cunningham J, Hasker E, Das P, El Safi S, Goto H, Mondal D, Mbuchi M, Mukhtar M, Rabello A, Rijal S, Sundar S, Wasunna M, Adams E, Menten J, Peeling R, Boelaert M; for the WHO/TDR Visceral Leishmaniasis Laboratory Network. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Nov;55(10):1312-1319. Epub 2012 Aug 31.

69. Epidemiology of Schistosomiasis in Gazira area central Sudan and analysis of cytokine profiles. Eltayeb NM; Mukhtar MM and Moahmed AB. Asian Pac. J. trop. Med. Feb 6(2) 2013 119-25

70. Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells of mycetoma patients react different to M. mycetomatis antigens than healthy endemic controls"  Ehab Elagab, Ahmed H. Fahal and Maowia M. Mukhtar. (PNTD-D-12-01421R1) accepted in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 2013. April 25:7(4): e2081..

71. Increased prevalence of Plasmodium vivax among children in Eastern

Sudan. Tajeldin M Abdallah, Hana Kylaney, Mamoun Magzoub, Shamselfalah M Osman, Tasneem Maowia, Atif Elagib, Maowia M. Mukhtar. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine. 2013: 412-420..

72. Pellagra-like condition is xeroderma pigmentosum/Cockayne syndrome complex and niacin confers clinical benefit. Hijazi H, Salih MA, Hamad MH, Hassan HH, Salih SB, Mohamed KA, Mukhtar MM, Karrar ZA, Ansari S, Ibrahim N, Alkuraya FS. Clin Genet. 2013 Nov 21. doi: 10.1111/cge.12325.

73. Molecular typing of Mycobacterium spp. isolates from Yemeni tuberculosis patients. Al-Mahbashi AA, Mukhtar MM, Mahgoub ES.

East Mediterr Health J. 2013 Nov;19(11):942-6

74. Concomitant Infection with Leishmania donovani and L. major in Single Ulcers of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Patients from Sudan.

Babiker AM, Ravagnan S, Fusaro A, Hassan MM, Bakheit SM, Mukhtar MM, Cattoli G, Capelli G.. J Trop Med. 2014;2014:170859. doi: 10.1155/2014/170859. Epub 2014 Mar 12.

74. Screening and Characterization of RAPD Markers in Viscerotropic Leishmania Parasites. Mkada-Driss I, Lahmadi R, Chakroun AS, Talbi C, Guerbouj S, Driss M, Elamine EM, Cupolillo E, Mukhtar MM, Guizani I. PLoS One. 2014 Oct 14;9(10):e109773.

75. Comparison of Point-of-Care Tests for the Rapid Diagnosis of Visceral Leishmaniasis in East African Patients. Bezuneh A, Mukhtar M, Abdoun A, Teferi T, Takele Y, Diro E, Jemaneh A, Shiferaw W, Wondimu H, Bhatia A, Howard RF, Ghalib H, Ireton GC, Hailu A, Reed SG. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2014 Oct 13. pii: 13-0759. [Epub ahead of print]

76. Genotyping and virological characteristics of Hepatitis B virus in HIV infected individuals in Sudan. Mukhlid Yousif, Hatim Mudawi, Waleed Hussien; Maowia Mukhtar; Omer Nemeri, Dieter Glebe and Anna Kramvis.International Journal of Infectious Diseases 2014. Int J Infect Dis. 2014 Dec;29:125-32. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2014.07.002.

77. Overt and occult Hepatitis B virus infection in adult HIV patients in Sudan.  Hatim Mudawi; Waleed Hussien; Maowia Mukhtar; mukhlid Yousif; Omer Nemeri, Dieter Glebe and Anna Kramvis. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 29 (2014): C65-C70.

78. Tuberculosis drug resistant isolates from pulmonary tuberculosis patients from Kassala State, Sudan. Fama Khalid, Zuhal hamid and Maowia Mukhtar. International Journal of Mycobacteriology. 2105.  4: 44-47.

79. L.donovani influenced cytokines and TLRs expression among Sudanese visceral leishmaniasis patients. Babiker DT, Bakhiet SM, Mukhtar MM.Parasite Immunol. 2015 May 15. doi: 10.1111/pim.12202.

80. Molecular detection of bovine tuberculosis in El Rank area, North Upper Nile State, Sudan Hassan Z. A. Ishaga, b, c*, Moawia Mohamed Mukhtar, Sahar Mubarak Bakheit. Science letter. 2015; 3(1):23-26

81. Cytotoxiciy of Naja nubiae (Serpentes: Elapidae) and Echis ocellatus (Serpentes: Viperidae) Venoms from Sudan. Huda Khalid, Maowia Mohammed Mukhtar, and Nicki Konstantakopoulos. Journal of Toxins Volume 2015, Article ID 167492, 7

82. Tuberculosis drug resistance isolates from pulmonary tuberculosis patients, Kassala State, Sudan. Khalid FA, Hamid ZA, Mukhtar MM. Int J Mycobacteriol. 2015 Mar;4(1):44-7. doi: 10.1016

83. Molecular Characterization and in Silico Analysis of a Novel Mutation in TEM-1 Beta-Lactamase Gene among Pathogenic E. coli infecting a Sudanese Patient Hisham N Altayb, Nagwa M El Amin, Maowia M. Mukhtar, Mohamed Ahmed Salih, Mohamed A M Siddig. American Journal of Microbiological Research, 2014, Vol. 2, No. 6, 217-223

84.  Diagnostic accuracy of rK28-based immunochromatographic rapid diagnostic tests for visceral leishmaniasis: a prospective clinical cohort study in Sudan. Mukhtar M, Abdoun A, Ahmed AE, Ghalib H, Reed SG, Boelaert M, Menten J, Khair MM, Howard RF. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Sep;109(9):594-600. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trv060. Epub 2015 Aug 5.

85. Development and comparative evaluation of two antigen detection tests for Visceral Leishmaniasis. Vallur AC, Tutterrow YL, Mohamath R, Pattabhi S, Hailu A, Abdoun AO, Ahmed AE, Mukhtar M, Salam MA, Almeida ML, Almeida RP, Mondal D, Albertini A, GhalibH, Duthie MS, Reed SG.  BMC Infect Dis. 2015 Sep 22;15:384. doi: 10.1186/s12879-015-1125-3.

86. Plasma Levels of Interleukin-17, Interleukin-23, and Transforming Growth Factor-β in Sudanese Patients with Vitiligo: A Case-Control Study. Osman AM, Mukhtar MM, Bakheit KH, Hamdan HZ. Indian J Dermatol. 2015 Nov-Dec;60(6):635. doi: 10.4103/0019-5154.169136.

87. Detection of novel SHV Extended-Spectrum Beta- Lactamase gene mutation in Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from patient in Eastern Sudan. Hisham N Altayb, Nagwa M El Amin, Maowia M. Mukhtar, Mohamed A. Hassan and Mohamed A M Siddig. 2015. Current research in microbiology and biotechnology. 3(1):542-549.

88. Elevated TGFβ in drug resistant visceral leishmaniasis. MIsk Elyemen A. Elmekki; Mogahid M. Elhassan; Mohamed E. Hamid and Maowia M. Mukhtar. Annal of Saudi Medicine. 2016. 36(1):73-77.

89.  The effect of obesity and components of metabolic syndrome on leptin levels in Saudi women.  Al-Amodi HS, Abdelbasit NA, Fatani SH, Babakr AT, Mukhtar MM.  Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2018 May;12(3):357-364. doi: 10.1016/j.dsx.2017.12.030. Epub 2017 Dec 29

90. Testosterone, obesity, and waist circumference as determinants of metabolic syndrome in Saudi women. Fatani SH, Abdelbasit NA, Al-Amodi HS, Mukhtar MM, Babakr AT.  Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes. 2018 May 1;11:175-181. doi: 10.2147/DMSO.S156021. eCollection 2018. PMID:29750045

91. Sensitive and less invasive confirmatory diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis in Sudan using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP).

Mukhtar M, Ali SS, Boshara SA, Albertini A, Monnerat S, Bessell P, Mori Y, Kubota Y, Ndung'u JM, Cruz I. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2018 Feb 14;12(2):e0006264. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006264. eCollection 2018 Feb.

PMID: 29444079

92. Molecular Characterization of CTX-M ESBLs among Pathogenic  Enterobacteriaceae isolated from different regions in Sudan

Hisham N Altayb1*, Mohamed A M Siddig2, Nagwa M El Amin3, Ahmed Ibrahim Hashim1 Maowia M. Mukhtar

Global Advanced Research Journal of Microbiology (ISSN: 2315-5116) Vol. 7(2) pp. 040-046, April, 2018

93. Genetic diversity and transmissibility of imported Plasmodium vivax in Qatar and three countries of origin. Abdelraheem MH, Bansal D, Idris MA, Mukhtar MM, Hamid MMA, Imam ZS, Getachew S, Sehgal R, Kaur H, Gadalla AH, Al-Hamidhi S, Al-Hashami Z, Al-Jabri A, Sultan AA, Babiker HA. Sci Rep. 2018 Jun 11;8(1):8870

94. Genetic diversity of Lieshmania from Sudan and possible correlation with clinical signs: preliminary results. Sahar  M. Bakhiet and Maowia M. Mukhtar; March 2018; Giornale Italiano di Medicina Tropicale

95. Decrease in expression of some proteins among breast cancer patients in Sudan comparison to healthy tissues. M A Osman Adam; Maowia M. Mukhtar; Mohamed e. Hamid. August 2015.Journal of Clinical Medicine and Research Volume 7(3) P 11-15

96. Novel Polymorphisms with in TLR4 Exon1 Sequences in Visceral Leishmaniasis and Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients. Hadeel Gad and Maowia M. Mukhtar. August 2015. Acta Medica International 2(2):68-71.

97. Comparison of Point-of-Care Tests for the Rapid Diagnosis of Visceral Leishmaniasis in East African Patients. Asrat Bezunch, Maowua Mukhtar, Asim Abdoun; Steve Reed.. American Journal of Tropical Medicine. Ocotber 2014; 13-19

98. Detection of Antibiotic Resistance of Pathogenic Bacteria Recovered from Cutaneous Lesions of Human Leishmaniasis Patients in Khartoum State (Sudan). Alsadig Mohamed Abdalla, Ahmed Saeed Sheren ; Maowia M. Mukhtar. 2014. /GJMA.2014.4.0515014238

99. Tropical Theilreiosis in Khartoum State; Risk factors. 2015. Delan Salih, Ali Arabi;  Shawgi Hassan; Maowia M. Mukhtar.  The Sudan Journal of Veterinary Research Volume 28.

100. Impact of PYROXD1 deficiency on cellular respiration and correlations with genetic analyses of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy in Saudi Arabia and Sudan. Saha M, Reddy HM, Salih MA, Estrella E, Jones MD, Mitsuhashi S, Cho KA, Suzuki-Hatano S, Rizzo SA, Hamad MH, Mukhtar MM, Hamed AA, Elseed MA, Lek M, Valkanas E, MacArthur DG, Kunkel LM, Pacak CA, Draper I, Kang PB. Physiol Genomics. 2018 Nov 1;50(11):929-939. doi: 10.1152/physiolgenomics.00036.2018. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

101. Leishmania Genome Dynamics during Environmental Adaptation Reveal Strain-Specific Differences in Gene Copy Number Variation, Karyotype Instability, and Telomeric Amplification. Bussotti G, Gouzelou E, Côrtes Boité M, Kherachi I, Harrat Z, Eddaikra N, Mottram JC, Antoniou M, Christodoulou V, Bali A, Guerfali FZ, Laouini D, Mukhtar M, Dumetz F, Dujardin JC, Smirlis D, Lechat P, Pescher P, El Hamouchi A, Lemrani M, Chicharro C, Llanes-Acevedo IP, Botana L, Cruz I, Moreno J, Jeddi F, Aoun K, Bouratbine A, Cupolillo E, Späth GF.MBio. 2018 Nov 6;9(6). pii: e01399-18. doi: 10.1128/mBio.01399-18

102. Monkeypox - Enhancing public health preparedness for an emerging lethal human zoonotic epidemic threat in the wake of the smallpox post-eradication era.Petersen E, Abubakar I, Ihekweazu C, Heymann D, Ntoumi F, Blumberg L, Asogun D, Mukonka V, Lule SA, Bates M, Honeyborne I, Mfinanga S, Mwaba P, Dar O, Vairo F, Mukhtar M, Kock R, McHugh TD, Ippolito G, Zumla A. Int J Infect Dis. 2019 Jan;78:78-84. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2018.11.008. Epub 2018 Nov 16

103. Synthesis, Characterization, and Antileishmanial Activity of Certain Quinoline-4-carboxylic Acids. Mazin Abdelwahid; Tilal Elsaman; Malik Suliman Mohamed; Sara A. Latif; Maowia M. Mukhtar, Magdi Awadalla Mohamed;  February 2019; Journal of Chemistry 2019(ID 2859637):1-9. DOI: 10.1155/2019/2859637

104. PO 8278 Building capacity in conducting clinical research in a virtual setting: experiences from the east african consortium for clinical research (EACCR2) . Esther Ngadaya; Andrew Kitua; Barbra Castlenouva,  Sayoki  Mfinanga; Emily Nyanzi-Kabuye · Pontiano Kaleebu · Benard Kikaire · Blandina T Mmbaga · Maowia Mukhtar ; British Medical Journal Global Health

105. High Prevalence of New Delhi Metalo β-Lactamases in Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) Klebsiella.pneumoniae Sequence Type 101 in Khartoum Hospitals”. Enas Osman; Nagwa Elamin; Lena Elhassan and Maowia M. Mukhtar. January 2019. Journal of Infection and Public Health 12(1):143. DOI:  10.1016/j.jiph.2018.10.116

106. Genetic diversity and transmissibility of imported Plasmodium vivax in Qatar and three countries of origin. Mohamed Abdelraheem; Devendra Bansal; Mohamed A. Idris; Maowia M. Mukhtar and Hamza Babiker.  December 2018. Scientific Reports 8(1)DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-27229-z

107. Evolution of P. falciparum drug resistance genes following artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) in Sudan. Hamza babiker, Amani Bakhiet; Amani Kheir; Mohamed Abdelraheem, Maowia Mukhtar and Ali Sultan.

Transactions of the Royal Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2019 Aug 1. pii: trz059. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trz059 PMID: 31369106

108. Neutrophil elastase promotes Leishmania donovani infection via interferon-β.Dias BT, Dias-Teixeira KL, Godinho JP, Faria MS, Calegari-Silva T, Mukhtar MM, Lopes U, Mottram JC, Lima APCA. FASEB J. 2019 Jul 5:fj201900524R. doi: 10.1096/fj.201900524R.PMID:31284755

109. Modulatory effects of Momordica balsamina on Th1/Th2 cytokine profiles in immune-challenged rats. Iman H. Abdoon1, Bashier Osman, Maowia M. Mukhtar; and Hatim Ali Elsheikh, 2019.Journal of Medicinal Plants Research; Vol. 13(15), pp. 343-350.

110.  Plasmodium vivax cerebral malaria in an adult patient in Sudan.

Mukhtar MM, Eisawi OA2, Amanfo SA, Elamin EM, Imam ZS, Osman FM, Hamed ME4. Malar J. 2019 Sep 18;18(1):316. doi: 10.1186/s12936-019-2961-1.